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About India

Facts about India

India is a vast peninsula with total land area of about 33 million sq. kms. And population exceeding 1.2 billion. Its length from north to south is about 3,200 kilometers and breadth from east to west is nearly 3,000 kilometers. Because of its huge size both in area and population India is generally referred to as a sub-continent.

India owes its name to the mighty river Sindhu (the Indus, which is now in Pakistan.) The huge river which carries an annual inflow of Tigris and Euphrates was the most imposing feature of north-western part of the Indian sub-continent. The early Aryan settlers in India were amazed at the sight of the huge river and called it Sindhu meaning a huge sheet of water. Sometimes it is used as a synonym for ocean.

In 518 B.C. the Persian Emperor Darius conquered the area around the river Sindhu and made it a satrapy of his empire. The Persianns pronounced ‘S’ as ‘H’. Hence Sindhu became Hindu. Later the Greek invaders changed ‘Hindu’ into India. Since then the foreigners have referred to the entire country from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari as India.

The early people, however called their country ‘Bharat Varsha’ that is, the country Bharata and his progeny, a famous king mentioned in early Purans. Bharata Varsha is supposed to be a part of an island continent known as Jambu dvipa. The Muslim invaders called the country Hindustan. The British rulers called the country India and the same name was retained when the country partitioned and became free on 15th August, 1947.

The diversity of India is unique. Being a huge country with a large population, India presents endless varieties of physical features and cultural pattern. It is only in India one can find people professing all the major religions of the World. In short India is “the epitome of the World”

Interesting facts about India

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