Human Development Index of India

As per the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report 2009, the Human Development Index (HDI) for India in 2007 was 0.612 on the basis of which India is ranked 134 out of 182 countries of the world placing it at the same rank as in 2006. The HDI is based on three indicators, namely GDP per capita (PPP US$), life expectancy at birth, and education as measured by adult literacy rate and gross enrolment ratio (combined for primary, secondary and tertiary education). The value of Human Development Index for India gradually increased from 0.427 in 1980 to 0.556 in 2000 and went up to 0.612 in 2007.

This trend indicating improvement in the HDI powered by per capita income growth for India is heartening though there is no room for complacency as India is still in the Low Human Development category with even countries like china, Sri Lanka and Indonesia having better ranking.

India’s Global Position in Human Development 2007

Country Human Development Index GDP per capita (PPP US $) Life Expectancy at birth (yrs) Adult Literacy Rate (% aged 15 yrs & above) Combined Gross Enrol. Ratio in Education (%)
2007 2007 2007 1999-2007 2007
Poland 0.880 (41) 15,987 75.5 99.3 87.7
Brazil 0.813 (75) 9,567 72.2 90.0 87.2
Russia 0.817 (71) 14,690 66.2 99.5 81.9
Turkey 0.806 (79) 12,955 71.7 88.7 71.1
Thailand 0.783 (87) 8,135 68.7 94.1 78.0
China 0.772 (92) 5,383 72.9 93.3 68.7
Sri Lanka 0.759 (102) 4,243 74.0 90.8 68.7
Indonesia 0.734 (111) 3,712 70.5 92.0 68.2
Vietnam 0.725 (116) 2,600 74.3 90.3 62.3
Egypt 0.703 (123) 5,349 69.9 66.4 76.4
India 0.612 (134) 2,753 63.4 66.0 61.0

Source: HDR 2009

Figures in parentheses in col.2 give ranking among 182 countries

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