Laws against Child Labour in India
Laws against child labour exist very well in India but it has to be implemented. The constitution of India itself recognizes the right of children and safeguards their right to survival, protection and development.
Article 14 of the constitution bestows right to equality.
Article 15(3) empower state to make special provision in favour of children.
Article 23 prohibits traffic in human being.
Article 14 prohibits employment of children below 14 years in any factory or mine or hazardous occupation.
Article 39 prohibits abuse and exploitation.
Article 45 provides compulsory education up to 14 years.
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act was enacted in 1986. As per the law, any person who employs any child in contravention of the provision of section 3 of the Act is liable for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than Rs. 10,000($ 222) but which may extend to Rs. 20,000($ 444) or both.
Government’s Steps for the Welfare of Children
Government has launched various schemes and programmes for the welfare of Children.
Integrated Child Development Services:
Provides integrated services comprising supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check-up, referral services, pre-school non- formal education and nutrition. 100 percent financial assistance from Central Government and implemented through State Governments.
Others welfare programme for children are
Kishori Shakti Yojna (KSY)
The Rajeev Ghandhi National Creche Scheme
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
Prarambhik Shiksha Kosh
Despite of many children welfare programme, child labour in India is still at rampant because welfare and the economic development of their parent are more necessary who sends them for work.