Poverty Alleviation Programmes in India
Several poverty alleviation programmes are being implemented by Government. Important among them are
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS):
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS)was launched in February 2006 in 200 most backward district in the first phase and was expanded to 330 districts during 2007-08. The coverage was extended to all rural districts of the country in 2008-09. At present, 619 districts are covered under NREGS. During the year 2008-09, more than 45.1 million households are provided employment under the scheme. As against the budget outlay of Rs.391 billion for the year 2009-10, an amount of Rs. 247.58 billion has been released to the states/UTs till December 2009.
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana(SGSY):
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana(SGSY) was launched in April 1999 after restructuring of the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and allied programmes. It is a self-employment programme for the rural poor. The objective of the SGYS is to bring the assisted swarozgraris above the poverty line by providing them income-generating assets through bank credit and Government subsidy. The scheme is being implemented on a cost-sharing basis between the Centre and States of 75:25 for non-north-eastern states and 90:10 for north-eastern states. Up to December 2009, 36.78 lakh self help groups (SHGs) had been formed and 13.281 million swarozgaris have been assisted with the total investment of Rs.308.96 billion.
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana(SJSRJ):
The Government has recently revamped the SJSRJ with effect from April1, 2009. The scheme provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed and underemployed poor, by encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures by the urban poor and also by providing wage employment and utilizing their labour for construction of socially and economically useful public assets. The revamped SJSRJ has five components and budget allocated for the SJSRY scheme for 2009-10 is Rs.5.15 billion
i) The Urban Self-Employment Programme (USEP) which targets individual urban poor for setting up of micro enterprises.
ii) The Urban Women Self-help Programme (UWSP) which targets urban poor women self-help groups for seeting up of group enterprises and providing them assistance through a revolving fund for thrift and credit activities.
iii) Skill Training for Employment Promotion amongst Urban Poor (STEP-UP) which targets the urban poor for imparting quality training so as to enhance their employability for self-employment or better salaried employment.
iv) The Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP) which seeks to assist the urban poor by utilizing their labour for the construction of socially and economically useful public assets, in towns having population less than 0.5 million as per 1991 census.
v) The Urban Community Development Network (UCDN) which seeks to assists the urban poor in organizing structures so as to gain collective strength to address the issues of poverty facing them and participate in effective implementation of urban poverty alleviation programmes.
Poverty Alleviation Programmes and its problems in India
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